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06.11.2019

Epilepsy Awareness: What You Need to Know

Epilepsy Awareness: What You Need to Know

 

 A chronic disorder, characterized by recurring seizures caused by abnormal brain activity, epilepsy impacts around 50 million people worldwide, with an estimated 5 million more people being diagnosed each year. A diagnosis may lead to significant changes in a person’s life, even though they should be able to continue living a relatively normal life, especially if they are a good candidate for antiseizure medication.

 

Despite the numbers, many still don’t know much about this disease, and it is important to take the time to learn more about:

 

1-Causes of Epilepsy

 

There are a number of different causes of epilepsy, including prenatal brain damage, genetic conditions, a severe head injury, or a stroke that restricts oxygen to the brain. Epilepsy can also be caused by an infection in the brain or a tumor. In many cases, however, the cause of epilepsy is unknown. Epilepsy is not contagious, so it is not possible to catch it from someone else.

 

2-Treatment Options for Epilepsy

 

Epilepsy itself cannot be cured, but there are treatments available. Right now, up to around 70% of people with epilepsy can avoid seizures through antiseizure medications. It may be possible to discontinue the antiseizure medication after 2 years without a seizure, though this should be made only upon doctor’s recommendation.

 

3-Prevention of Epilepsy

 

Epilepsy can be prevented in about a quarter of all cases. Prevention includes advanced prenatal care, the use of drugs to reduce the chance of febrile seizures, and the prevention of cardiovascular risks through improved health. The top way to prevent epilepsy is to prevent head injuries, as this is one of the biggest causes of epilepsy today.

 

4-Risk for people with Epilepsy

 

The risk of death in those who have epilepsy is 3 times higher than those who do not have it. The main reason for this is because of physical issues as a result of a seizure. Those who suffer from epilepsy could die if they fall, drown, or have other issues because of a seizure. When properly diagnosed and controlled, the risk of death from epilepsy is significantly reduced.

 

5-Living a Normal Life with Epilepsy

 

Most people who have epilepsy can do the same things others can, with some exceptions. They can handle high-stress jobs with proper methods for managing their stress and can do just about anything else they want to do. Depending on the severity of epilepsy, they may not be able to drive or will have other limitations. However, with proper treatment, they may be able to manage the symptoms sufficiently to have a normal life.

 

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended for informational purposes only and should not be used as a basis for any treatment, diagnosis, decision or any other similar action. It is neither a medical advice nor a substitute for one. For any health-related issue, always consult with a professional.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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